JDBI3 integration

Integrates JDBI3 with guice. Based on dropwizard-jdbi3 integration.


  • JDBI instance available for injection
  • Introduce unit of work concept, which is managed by annotations and guice aop (very like spring's @Transactional)
  • Repositories (JDBI proxies for interfaces):
    • installed automatically (when classpath scan enabled)
    • are normal guice beans, supporting aop and participating in global (thread bound) transaction.
    • no need to compose repositories anymore (e.g. with @CreateSqlObject) to gain single transaction.
    • can reference guice beans (with annotated getters)
  • Automatic installation for custom RowMapper

Added installers:


JCenter Maven Central

Avoid version in dependency declaration below if you use extensions BOM.




implementation 'ru.vyarus.guicey:guicey-jdbi3:5.1.0-2'

See the most recent version in the badge above.


Register bundle:

        .bundles(JdbiBundle.<ConfType>forDatabase((conf, env) -> conf.getDatabase()))

Here default JDBI instance will be created from database configuration (much like it's described in dropwizard documentation).

Or build JDBI instance yourself:

JdbiBundle.forDbi((conf, env) -> locateDbi())

Jdbi3 introduce plugins concept. Dropwizard will automatically register SqlObjectPlugin, GuavaPlugin, JodaTimePlugin. If you need to install custom plugin:

JdbiBundle.forDbi((conf, env) -> locateDbi())
    .withPlugins(new H2DatabasePlugin())

Also, If custom registration must be performed on jdbi instance:

JdbiBundle.forDbi((conf, env) -> locateDbi())
    .withConfig((jdbi) -> { jdbi.callSomething() })

Such configuration block will be called just after jdbi instance creation (but before injector creation).

Unit of work

Unit of work concept states for: every database related operation must be performed inside unit of work.

In JDBI such approach was implicit: you were always tied to initial handle. This lead to cumbersome usage of sql object proxies: if you create it on-demand it would always create new handle; if you want to combine multiple objects in one transaction, you have to always create them manually for each transaction.

Integration removes these restrictions: dao (repository) objects are normal guice beans and transaction scope is controlled by @InTransaction annotation (note that such name was intentional to avoid confusion with JDBI own's Transaction annotation and more common Transactional annotations).

At the beginning of unit of work, JDBI handle is created and bound to thread (thread local). All repositories are simply using this bound handle and so share transaction inside unit of work.


Annotation on method or class declares transactional scope. For example:

@Inject MyDAO dao

public Result doSomething() {

Transaction opened before doSomething() method and closed after it. Dao call is also performed inside transaction. If exception appears during execution, it's propagated and transaction rolled back.

Nested annotations are allowed (they simply ignored).

Note that unit of work is not the same as transaction scope (transaction scope could be less or equal to unit of work). But, for simplicity, you may think of it as the same things, if you always use @InTransaction annotation.

Transaction configuration

Transaction isolation level and readonly flag could be defined with annotation:


@InTransaction(readOnly = true)

In case of nested transactions error will be thrown if:

  • Current transaction level is different then nested one
  • Current transaction is read only and nexted one is not (note that some drivers, like h2, ignore readOnly flag completely)

For example:

public void action() {

public void nestedAction() {

When action() method called new transaction is created with default level (usually READ_COMMITTED). When nestedAction() is called exception will be thrown because it's transaction level requirement (READ_UNCOMMITTED) contradict with current transaction.

Custom transactional annotation

If required, you may use your own annotation for transaction definition:

JdbiBundle.forDatabase((conf, env) -> conf.getDatabase())

Note that this will override default annotation support. If you want to support multiple annotations then specify all of them:

JdbiBundle.forDatabase((conf, env) -> conf.getDatabase())
    .withTxAnnotations(InTransaction.class, MyCustomTransactional.class);

If you need to support transaction configuration (level and read only settings) with your annotation then:

  1. Add required properties into annotation itself (see @InTransaction as example).
  2. Create implementation of TxConfigFactory (see InTransactionTxConfigFactory as example)
  3. Register factory inside your annotation with @TxConfigSupport(MyCustomAnnotationTxConfigFactory.class)

Your factory will be instantiated as guice bean so annotate it as Singleton, if possible to avoid redundant instances creation.

Configuration is resolved just once for each method, so yur factory will be called just once for each annotated (with your custom annotation) method.

Context Handle

Inside unit of work you may reference current handle by using:

@Inject Provider<Handle>

Manual transaction definition

You may define transaction (with unit of work) without annotation using:

@Inject TransactionTempate template;
template.inTrasansaction((handle) -> doSomething())

Note that inside such manual scope you may also call any repository bean, as it's absolutely the same definition as with annotation.

You can also specify transaction config (if required):

@Inject TransactionTempate template;
        new TxConfig().level(TransactionIsolationLevel.READ_UNCOMMITTED), 
        (handle) -> doSomething())


Declare repository (interface or abstract class) as usual, using DBI annotations. It only must be annotated with @JdbiRepository so installer could recognize it and register in guice context.


singleton scope will be forced for repositories.

public interface MyRepository {     

    @SqlQuery("select name from something where id = :id")
    String findNameById(@Bind("id") int id);

Note the use of @InTransaction: it was used to be able to call repository methods without extra annotations (the lowest transaction scope it's repository itself). It will make beans "feel the same" as usual JDBI on demand sql object proxies.

@InTransaction annotation is handled using guice aop. You can use any other guice aop related features.


Don't use JDBI @Transaction and @CreateSqlObject annotations anymore: probably they will even work, but they are not needed now and may confuse.

All installed repositories are reported into console:

INFO  [2016-12-05 19:42:27,374] ru.vyarus.guicey.jdbi3.installer.repository.RepositoryInstaller: repositories = 



By default, JDBI proxies for declared repositories created only on first repository method call. Lazy behaviour is important to take into account all registered JDBI extensions. Laziness also slightly speeds up application startup.

If required, you can enable eager initialization during bundle construction:

JdbiBundle.forDatabase((conf, env) -> conf.getDatabase())

In the eager mode all proxies would be constructed after application initialization (before web part initialization).

Guice beans access

You can access guice beans by annotating getter with @Inject (javax or guice):

public interface MyRepository {     

    MyOtherRepository getOtherRepo();

    @SqlQuery("select name from something where id = :id")
    String findNameById(@Bind("id") int id);

    default String doSomething(int id) {
        String name = findNameById(id);
        return getOtherRepo().doSOmethingWithName(name);

Here call to getOtherRepo() will return MyOtherRepository guice bean, which is actually another proxy.

Row mapper

If you have custom implementations of RowMapper, it may be registered automatically. You will be able to use injections there because mappers become ususal guice beans (singletons). When classpath scan is enabled, such classes will be searched and installed automatically.

public class CustomMapper implements RowMapper<Custom> {
    Custom map(ResultSet rs, StatementContext ctx) throws SQLException {
        // mapping here
        return custom;

And now Custom type could be used for queries:

public interface CustomRepository {     

    @SqlQuery("select * from custom where id = :id")
    Custom findNameById(@Bind("id") int id);

All installed mappers are reported to console:

INFO  [2016-12-05 20:02:25,399] ru.vyarus.guicey.jdbi3.installer.MapperInstaller: jdbi mappers = 

    Sample               (ru.vyarus.guicey.jdbi3.support.mapper.SampleMapper)

Manual unit of work definition

If, for some reason, you don't need transaction at some place, you can declare raw unit of work and use assigned handle directly:

@Inject UnitManager manager;

try {
    Handle handle = manager.get();
    // logic executed in unit of work but without transaction
} finally {

Repositories could also be called inside such manual unit (as unit of work is correctly started).